The Bitcoin is a type of currency designed digitally and encrypted for verification of transactions of assets, and to control creation of currency; the name given to this type of currency is cryptocurrency. This worldwide famous currency was developed in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto. This Peer-to-peer electronic cash system was given the symbol XBT for market usage. As any other currency, the Bitcoin has its own unit system which goes from the millibitcoin (0.001) to the satoshi (0.00000001).
The design of the Bitcoin is extremely complex, but very reliable. First, one of the questioned subjects on this matter is its security. Believe it or not, Bitcoins are more secure than regular currency. The obvious thing is that, it cannot be stole physically, and although it can be stole electronically the following explanation will show you how hard it is to do this.
I’d like to start talking about the storage of this electronic currency. A cryptocurrency wallet is basically the same as a tangible wallet where you store your money. The electronic wallet works the same as Amazon or any website accounts where you store your credit cards, except that in this case you will be storing money indeed. The way you earn this money is by setting up an address at the time of creating your Bitcoin account. This wallet has a hardware device which looks like a clicker where you will receive notifications on any type of transaction.
The way the wallet was built complements with the way transactions are made. Transactions are mainly the same as in the present; therefore, you exchange an output for an input. The way the currency is tracked is that The Blockchain broadcasts live movements of the money. Every time a payer sends bitcoins to a payee, the transaction is registered in the blockchain. This blockchain is managed by the programmers of the currency. To avoid duplication, the transactions follow inputs and refer these to previous outputs.
But the secure transactions cannot do the whole work of securing the currency, it needs human supervision. The currency is overseen by miners. What these people do is that they keep records of the transaction and through the system they look for inconsistencies. The Blockchain is composed by blocks, each block contains cryptographic hash. Cryptographic hash is a set of data that can be traced. This new block need a proof-of-work in other to be accepted.
Bitcoins are already gaining acceptance worldwide. As now, Bitcoins can be used in over 100,000 institutions around the world and is expected to keep growing. Although the insecurity behind the fact that there is no governmental support makes it hard to believe that this will be the currency of the future, but watch out, it might impact the world.
by Javier Astudillo